Dados do Trabalho


DNA G-quadruplex facilitates MYC enhancer-promotor interaction


G-quadruplexes (G4) are nucleic acid secondary structures formed in guanine-rich regions of DNA or RNA. The biological significance of G4 has been attributed to the regulation of gene expression, and more recently, to the stabilization and generation of enhancer-promotor interaction.


Since G4 are enriched in the promoter region of the proto-oncogene MYC, we sought to investigate the role of G4 in stabilizing the enhancer-promoter loop using the locus 8q24 (hg38) 127,700,000-128,500,000 that contains the MYC gene as a model.


Two different cell lines were used, the spontaneously immortalized, non-oncogenic human epidermal keratinocyte (HaCaT), in which the enrichment of G4 in the MYC promoter was demonstrated, and the primary normal human epidermal keratinocyte (nHEK) that is depleted of G4 in MYC promoter. Both cell lines were exposed to the G4 selective stabilizer 360-A drug and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) could be calculated. Gene expression was accessed by RT-qPCR and DNA methylation by Methylation-Sensitive High Resolution Melting (MSHRM). Chromatin Conformation Capture (3C-qPCR) technique was performed interrogating the MYC gene (chr8:127,733,798-127,744,729) and the putative enhancer in the lncRNA PVT1 gene (chr8:127,914,509-127,922,393) to compare the frequency of promoter-enhancer interaction between the two cell lines.


The HaCaT cells showed interaction between the MYC promoter and the distal region. The nHEK cells that are not enriched for G4 showed no promoter interaction with the distal region. The use of 360-A in IC50 did not change the results. The gene expression analysis of the MYC showed higher expression in HaCaT cells compared to nHEK. There was no difference in DNA methylation in the MYC promoter between the two cell lines.


The data suggest an important role of G4 for the interaction of the MYC promoter and downstream enhancer. Additional analyzes of other genomic regions enriched for G4 should be performed to confirm the mechanism.


G-quadruplex ; Myc ; Chromatin remodeling

Financiador do resumo

FAPESP processo nº 2018/0918-3


Pesquisa básica / translacional


DIEILA GIOMO DE LIMA, Gustavo Narvaes Guimarães, Bianca Figueiredo Bianco, Ana Paula de Souza, Aline Cristiane Planello